Red Square in Moscow: everything you need to know before visiting

Red Square in Moscow

The Moscow’s Red Square is one of the post famous places in the world. If you are going to visit Moscow, that is absolutely the place to see! We are going to Moscow once a year, and we love this place especially in winter. Find below all our tips to visit Red Square!

Moscow’s Red Square: key facts

“КРАСНАЯ ПЛОЩАДЬ” literally means red square, but also beautiful square. Besides, in the past in Russia we used the word “red” to say “beautiful”.

For us, the Red Square of Moscow refers mainly to the Cold War. It is, in fact, a symbol of Soviet Russia. But you should know that from the 15th century this square had the status of the main square in Moscow. In 1990, it was listed as World Heritage by UNECSO.

Moscow’s Red Square is completely pedestrianized and covers 52,000 m². Besides, it is the central point of the city of Moscow. One of the few times that vehicles are seen there is the May 9 military parade.

Moscow Red square
Red Square by night

Main monuments: what to do in Red Square Moscow?

There are 5 main monuments to see on Red Square.

Moscow Kremlin

The red brick walls are actually the walls of the Moscow Kremlin. The most famous Kremlin tower also overlooks the square. Built in 1491, the Spasskaya Tower is crowned with a red ruby ​​star that lights up at night. The tower clock is the main clock in the city and even in the country. On December 31, she is the one we see on all the screens to make the last count.

However, the entrance to the Kremlin is not on the square. Therefore,all about visiting Kremlin is in this blog post: Moscow Kremlin: how to avoid the queue and 8 things not to miss.

St. Basil’s Cathedral

St. Basil’s Cathedral is one of the most beautiful monuments of Orthodox art and ultimately the symbol of Moscow and Russia in general. Built in 1561, the cathedral was commissioned by Tsar Ivan The Terrible to celebrate the capture of the city of Kazan. Legend has it that the Czar ordered the cathedral architects to be put out of sight so that they could not reproduce the work. This story then illustrates rather well why it was called The Terrible!

Lenin’s Mausoleum

It is the most emblematic monument of the Soviet era, because inside the embalmed body of Lenin is exposed. Visiting the mausoleum is free, so it’s good to know. For more info, check out my article on Lenin’s Mausoleum in Moscow.

The State Historical Museum

It is a museum specializing in the history of Russia. The building was constructed under the orders of Tsar Peter the Great. The museum, meanwhile, moved there in 1872. However, it is not necessarily the Moscow museum to see as a priority. However, here are some key info. The entrance ticket is 400 RUB. It is open every day from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., until 9 p.m. on Friday and Saturday.

The GUM store

Built in 1893, the GUM was then the largest shopping center in the world and remained so for over ten years! Today, the store has more than 200 boutiques of major luxury brands. It is therefore a good place to stroll and get warm in winter. The facade of GUM is beautifully decorated.

  • Opening hours. Every day from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.

The Church of the Virgin of Kazan

Next to the State History Museum is the Church of the Virgin of Kazan. It seems so small compared to the vastness of the place that we could almost miss it! The building is dedicated to the icon of Our Lady of Kazan. The Church is cited in the writings from 1625. But with the arrival of the Bolsheviks in power, it suffered the sad fate of many religious buildings: it was destroyed in 1936. Then, it was rebuilt in the 1990s in the same place and Alike.

What to do in Red Square Moscow?

Before entering the square, we do not really realize its size. It is on a mountain: we discover it little by little.

Saint Basil’s Cathedral

It is the main monument to visit in Moscow’s Red Square. The interior of the cathedral is unusual, because in total the cathedral is made up of 9 small chapels. So you don’t enter a large space: you go from one room to another through small passages.

  • Entry ticket: 700 RUB. Tickets can be purchased on the cathedral’s official website 45 days before the tour.
  • Audio guide: 500 RUB
  • Opening hours: June to August 10 am-6pm; from November to April: 11 am-5pm; May, September, October 11 am-5pm. Cathedral closed on Wednesdays. The boxes close 45 minutes before closing.
  • More information, in our blog post dedicated to Saint Basil’s Cathedral

Stroll, take a tour at GUM and taste a soviet ice cream

At GUM, you can taste the traditional and cult Soviet ice creams, and it is also possible throughout the year. They are very good, I recommend them to you. Another address to remember is on the top floor of the GUM. It’s also a Soviet style canteen, quite good and above all interesting for its prices, surprisingly not very high for Moscow.

Christmas market on Moscow Red Square

The best time to visit Moscow is certainly the holiday season. The Red Square of Moscow is transformed and becomes then magic: the festive colors, the cheerful atmosphere, the snow! On the Red Square Christmas market there are of course traditional stalls with local products, mulled wine, pancakes and other sweets, but also a beautiful ice rink.

To find out more, read the post: What to do in Moscow in winter?

What to see around Moscow’s Red Square?

As Red Square is located in the heart of the city, you should take the opportunity to go and see the interesting places within walking distance. Three pedestrian routes near Red Square are described in our guide to Moscow. It’s a guide that you can use on your smartphone once there, and without an Internet connection. Just save it on your phone before departure.

See the changing of the Eternal Flame guard: a stone’s throw from Moscow’s Red Square

Before entering the square, on the right, under the red walls of the Kremlin, you can see an eternal flame. It was installed here in 1967 on the tomb of the unknown soldier in order to keep the memory of all those who fought fascism and died from it. The changing of the guard is always an amazing sight. The difference at 90% is rather surprising!

  • When? Every hour from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
  • Free

Walk in the Zaryadye Park

This new Moscow park fits perfectly into the city. From the heights of the Zaryadye park, you can see the walls and towers of the Moscow Kremlin. A platform suspended on the Moskva river opens a magnificent unobstructed view of the city! I therefore recommend it without hesitation.

  • Where? On the banks of the Moskva, accessible on foot from Red Square, passing in front of the St. Basile Cathedral
  • When? Open 24 hours a day
  • Free

See the Bolshoi Theater, a 5-minute walk from Moscow’s Red Square

A 10-minute walk from Moscow’s Red Square is the most famous Russian theater in the world – the Bolshoi Theater. Entrance tickets correspond to the prices charged in institutions of this level.

To find out more: How to buy a ticket to the Bolshoi?

Visit the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

It is a beautiful museum located 18 minutes’ walk from Red Square. There are treasures from ancient Egypt, paintings by Rembrandt or Cézanne, as well as a fine collection of Impressionism. On the other hand, for Russian fine arts, you should rather visit the Tretyakov Gallery. In addition, on the road towards the museum, one sees the fountains located in the garden which skirts the walls of the Kremlin. These fountains represent famous characters from Russian tales.

  • Where? Ulitsa Volkhonka 12
  • Opening hours. Daily: 10: 00-20: 00, except Thursday: 11: 00-21: 00. Closed on Mondays. The boxes close an hour before closing.
  • Entry tickets. The prices vary according to the collections from 300 to 750 RUB.

Visit the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow

The most beautiful cathedral in Moscow, just after Saint Basil. But then bigger and more impressive! First, built in 1883 in memory of Russia’s victory over Napoleon’s army, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was destroyed on Stalin’s orders in 1931. It was rebuilt identically in 2000. It is a 20-minute walk from the Kremlin.

Not only is it a working church, but it is the seat of the Russian Orthodox Church. However, we are not allowed to take pictures inside. In addition, too exposed outfits are not tolerated. I wrote a special article on Cathedral of Christ the Savior where I give more details on the visit and the possibility of seeing a panorama from the cathedral.

  • Where? Ulitsa Volkhonka 15
  • Opening hours. Daily: 10: 00-17: 00, except Monday: 13: 00-17: 00
  • Free admission

Visit Red Square in Moscow: in summary

Moscow’s Red Square is a lively place where there are always people. Beyond its tourist interest, Moscow’s Red Square is also the heart of the city. In our guide to Moscow, we have several routes that leave or arrive in Red Square.

How to get from Moscow airport to Red Square?

There are 3 international airports in Moscow. The easiest and the rapid way to go to Red Square isto take an express train to the center, and then to take the subway to the stations Okhodny Ryad or Teatralnaya. Further details can be find in this blog post.

What to do in Red Square Moscow?

TOP 3 of things to do: visit the St. Basile Cathedral, taste a soviet ice cream in GUM store, take a hot drink on Christmas market (from December to the end of February).

What to see in Red Square Moscow?

There are 5 main monuments to see on Red Square: Kremlin, St. Basil’s Cathedral, Lenin’s Mausoleum, The State Historical Museum, GUM. Near the place, you could also find a very nice park: Zaryadye Park. Read more.

Travel tips in Moscow:

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